TENNESSEE'S UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS IN THE CIVIL WAR
Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
In remembrance of the thousands of Black men from Tennessee and surrounding states who served as soldiers in the Union Army; the thousands of men and women (CONTRABANDS), who escaped slavery or were liberated, that worked for the Union Army as scouts, spies, nurses, laundresses, stevedores, foragers, general laborers, field hands, blacksmiths, teamsters, cooks, servants; and the thousands of men, women and children who were not able to escape the bondage of slavery and did not experience freedom until the end of the Civil War or after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 143
Establishing the Bureau of Colored Troops
REPORT - Colonel R. D. Mussey, Commissioner for Organization U. S. Colored Troops - Nashville, Tennessee, October 10, 1864
USCC = United States
USCHA = United States Colored Heavy Artillery
USCLA = United States Colored Light Artillery
USCI = United States Colored Infantry
(Place of organization and date)
1ST USCHA (Knoxville - February 20, 1864)
3RD USCHA (Memphis - as the 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery - June, 1863)
4TH USCHA (Columbus, Kentucky - as 2nd Tennessee Heavy Artillery - June, 1863)
9TH USCHA (Clarksville and Nashville - October 8 to Novenber 1, 1864)
BATTERY A - 2ND USCLA (Nashville - April 30, 1864)
BATTERY F - 2ND USCLA (Memphis - as Memphis Light Battery A.D. - November, 1863)
BATTERY I - 2ND USCLA (Memphis - April 19, 1864)
11TH USCI (LaGrange, Lafayette, Memphis, Tennessee, and Corinth, Mississippi - as 1st Regiment Alabama Siege Artillery, changed to 6th Regiment United States Heavy Artillery, to 7th Regiment, and to 11th Regiment - June, 1863)
12TH USCI (Tennessee at large - July 24 - August 14, 1863)
13TH USCI (Nashville - November 19, 1863)
14TH USCI (Gallatin - November 16, 1863 - January 8, 1864)
15TH USCI (Nashville - December 2, 1863 - March 4, 1864)
16TH USCI (Nashville - December 4, 1863 - February 13, 1864)
17TH USCI (Nashville - December 12-21, 1863)
40TH USCI (Nashville and Greenville - February 29, 1864)
42ND USCI (Chattanooga and Nashville - April 30, 1864)
44TH USCI (Chattanooga - Rome and Dalton, Georgia - April 7, 1864)
59TH USCI (LaGrange - as 1st Tennessee Volunteers - June, 1863)
61ST USCI (LaGrange - as 2nd Tennessee Volunteers - June, 1863)
88TH USCI (Memphis - February 20, 1865)
101ST USCI (Tennessee at large - September 16, 1864)
110TH USCI (Pulaski - as 2nd Regiment Alabama Volunteers - November, 1863)
111TH USCI (Pulaski, Prospect, and Lynnville, Tennessee, and Sulphur Branch Trestle, Alabama - as 3rd Regiment Alabama Volunteers - January, 1864)
REFERENCES AND SOURCES:
Dyer, Frederick H. A COMPENDIUM OF THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. 3 Volumes. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
Gladstone, William A. MEN OF COLOR. Gettysburg: Thomas Publications, 1993.
National Park Service. Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
United States War Department. THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 Volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.
Wilson, Joseph T. THE BLACK PHALANX: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States in the Wars of 1775-1812, 1861-'65. Hartford, CT.: American Publishing Company, 1890. (Copyright 1968 by Arno Press, Inc., and reprinted by Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1992.)
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Researched and Compiled by
Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
visits since 20 June 2009