VIRGINIA'S UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS
in the
CIVIL WAR

In memory of

the late Fred Hinson
Research Associate
Luray, Virginia


In remembrance of the thousands of Black men from Virginia and surrounding states who served as soldiers in the Union Army; the  thousands of men and women (CONTRABANDS), who escaped slavery or were liberated, that worked for the Union Army as scouts, spies, nurses,  laundresses,  stevedores, foragers, general laborers, field hands, blacksmiths, teamsters, cooks, servants; and the thousands of men, women and children who were not able to escape the bondage of slavery and did not experience freedom until the end of the Civil War or after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America.


"Dispatch relative to the negro troops received. I told you they would do well in my department. My colored troops, under General Paine, 2,500 strong, carried intrenchments at the point of the bayonet that in a former movement across the river stopped double their numbers. It was most gallantly done with most severe loss. Their praises are in the mouths of every officer in this army. Treated fairly and disciplined, they have fought most heroically." Excerpt from a letter by Major General Benjamin F. Butler, Commander, Army of the James to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton - October 3, 1864.

UNITS
(Places of organization and dates)

USCC = United States Colored Cavalry
USCHA = United States Colored Heavy Artillery
USCLA = United States Colored Light Artillery
USCI = United States Colored Infantry

1ST UNITED STATES COLORED CAVALRY (Camp Hamilton - 12/22/1863)

2ND UNITED STATES COLORED CAVALRY (Fort Monroe - 12/22/1863)

BATTERY B - 2ND UNITED STATES COLORED LIGHT ARTILLERY (Fort Monroe - 1/8/1864)

2ND UNITED STATES COLORED INFANTRY (Arlington - 6/20-11/11/1863)

10TH UNITED STATES COLORED INFANTRY (Virginia - 11/18/1863)

23RD UNITED STATES COLORED INFANTRY (Camp Casey - 11/23/1863- 6/30/1864)

38TH UNITED STATES COLORED INFANTRY (Virginia - 1/23/1864)

*******************************

36TH UNITED STATES COLORED INFANTRY (Portsmouth - 2/8/1864, as 2nd North Carolina Colored Regiment)

37TH UNITED STATES COLORED INFANTRY (Norfolk - 2/8/1864, as 3rd North Carolina Colored Infantry Regiment)


MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS
CITATIONS

BARNES, William H.
GARDINER, James
HARRIS, James
JAMES, Miles
RATCLIFF, Edward
38th U. S. Colored Infantry
36th U. S. Colored Infantry
38th U. S. Colored Infantry
36th U. S. Colored Infantry
38th U. S. Colored Infantry

CONTRABANDS


CORRESPONDENCE - ORDERS - REPORTS
(Under development)

BATTLE OF SALTVILLE - October 2, 1864

HEADQUARTERS - ARMY OF THE JAMES - October 3, 1864

LETTER TO THE SOLDIERS OF THE ARMY OF THE JAMES - October 11, 1864

HEADQUARTERS - THIRD DIVISION, EIGHTEENTH ARMY CORPS - November 5, 1864

GENERAL ORDERS NO. 297 - ESTABLISHING THE XXV U.S. ARMY CORPS - December 3, 1864

CSA'S PLAN TO PUT SLAVES IN THE TRENCHES - February 11 - April 1, 1865

SPECIAL ORDERS NO. 85(a) - HEADQUARTERS, TWENTY-FIFTH ARMY CORPS, ARMY OF THE JAMES - March 27, 1865

THE APPOMATTOX CAMPAIGN - March 27-April 9, 1865

BLACK SOLDIERS ON LEE'S RETREAT - April 2 - 9, 1865


REFERENCES AND SOURCES:


GO TO USCT IN THE BORDER STATES

GO TO USCT IN THE NORTHERN STATES

GO TO ORGANIZATION OF UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS BY STATE/S

RETURN TO "FREEDOM FIGHTERS" UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS IN THE CIVIL WAR

GO TO THE LEST WE FORGET HOMEPAGE


Researched and Compiled by

Bennie J. McRae, Jr.
LWF Communications
Trotwood, Ohio

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